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Image File Formats: JPEG, RAW, PNG, GIF, TIFF, EPS

Image File Formats: JPEG, RAW, PNG, GIF, TIFF, EPS

Welcome to another fresh article of Techy Feast. Today I will discuss the Image file formats. An image is a very common term for us.

You can see the many types of pictures or images online, offline or other. Every image comes with different kinds of file formats with their specific uses. The original work of Image File Formats is creating and storing digital images.

Some file formats are using for printing, logo design, post stamp or etc. Generally, image file formats are divided into two categories. One is Raster images and other is Vector images.

Let’s explain each file format with their specific uses.

Raster Images

The word Raster generally means a rectangular grid of pixels. The Raster images are made by a quant of pixels and every pixel imputed a particular color. The Raster images resolution is depended on the size of the image. When you enlarge a raster image, the image is going blur and the ultimate result is not so good. Raster images are generally used for photography, web graphic (ads, social media contents), etc.

There are many kinds of Raster images like JPEG, GIF, PNG, TIFF, RWA, PSD and etc. The most use of Raster image formats is JPEG, PNG, GIF, and TIFF.


The JPEG is the most popular and most used image file format. The full form of JPEG
is Joint Photographic Expert Group.

Cameras are used this JPEG image formats. This type of format is famous for Web images, Printings, and PowerPoint, etc.Filename extensions are.jpg,.jpeg,.jpe,.jif,.jfif and .jfi. If you edit and save the JPEG image format repeatedly, then it loses its quality.


Nowadays GIF is a very popular image format. The full form of GIF is Graphics Interchange Format. The normal uses of GIF format limited to 256 colors. This type of image format can be transparency and can be animated. The filename extension of GIF is .gif. They are used for diagram, logos and cartoon images etc.GIF formats are generally small in size.

Also Read: Top 10 Tech Myths That Change Your Thoughts About Technology


The PNG is free and open-source image format just like GIF. The full form of PNG is Portable Network Graphics. But GIF format only supports 260 colors but PNG format supports 16 million colors. So, PNG is an upgrade version of GIF. The filename extension of PNG is .png. PNG is generally used for web graphics.


TIFF is a very high-quality image format. The full form of TIFF is the Tagged Image File Format. Like JPEG, TIFF doesn’t lose qualities after editing or save repeatedly. They don’t show blur after zooming. They are generally very big in size. The filename extensions of TIFF are .tiff,.tif. TIFF generally used for high-quality printing, professional work and etc.

Vector Images:

Vector images are used 2D point to represent their image formats. The vector images are commonly found in PDF, EPS, SVG, and Al Image formats. They are completely different from Raster Images Formats. The most popular Vector image formats are PDF, SVG, and EPS.


PDF is the most popular open-source image format. The full form of PDF is Portable Document Format.The filename extension of PDF is .pdf. Nowadays, PDF contains a variety of flat texts, graphics and etc. This is commonly used for file attachments. You can find free software to create or view PDF formats.


SVG is an XML based Vector Images Files format for 2D graphics. The full form of SVG is Scalable Vector Graphics. It is developed by W3C(World Wide Web Consortium). It is also an open-source file format.Filename extension of SVG are .svg and .svgz. SVG image formate easily creates and edits by any text editor software.


The EPS file format is a commonly known file format. The full form of EPS is Encapsulated PostScript. The filename extension of EPS is .eps. It can be created by any illustration applications. It is used for vector artwork and for illustrations.



Infographic of image file formats

So, this is basic information about image file formats. These are the very common image file formats. I hope you like this article.

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